Tuesday, November 21, 2006

The dogfight for change(delta)

In the prevailing indications for a merger wave in US, in an industry which is struggling with bankrupcy and high exit barriers, the only means of upliftment seems to be to acheive cost synergies through consolidation. The key is to sleep with the enemy, which means alliance with companies competing for common infrastructure and customers. One more thing here is to realize that most of the past hostile takovers, which constitute 3% of total M&A activity, were not successful in acheiving the synergies because of numerous reasons.

With his $8.67 billion hostile bid last week for Delta, the CEO Doug Parker is proposing to add yet another company to the two he's already having as a consequence of his America West Airlines acquiring US Airways late last year. By merging with the much-larger Atlanta carrier Delta as it emerges from bankruptcy court, US Airways, would become the largest U.S. airline in terms of passenger traffic, a huge leap from its No. 6 ranking right now.

The offered premium to buy Delta is around the magic figure of 25%, which is expected to go over 40%, if the bid turns out to be successful. The main weapon for the acquirer US airways ...is money. On US airways part, it will be more like bargaining for a second hand car. But the defence by the target can much more sophisticated like greenmail, financial defensive measures, Pacman defence, white knight, white squire, supermajority amendments, poison put & pills, silver and tin parachutes etc etc....afterall hunting a duck is different from hunting a rhino.

Wednesday, November 08, 2006

Are companies worried about their credit scores?

The first question is do companies have credit ratings 0ut of 800?. Yes but not out of 800. It generally ranges from AAA to Junk, varying by the denomination used by the rating agencies. The credit rating of a corporation is a financial indicator to potential investors of debt securities such as bonds.

In general when we borrow money from banks/ credit cards, the return they expect is very optimal as they are efficient due to prevailing competition in the market. But if we are able to get a partner for the project we are investing in, the partner would/may expect a return more than he would have expected from a similar investment in a bank( a bond, saving account etc), because he thinks you can default but the bank cannot. Also, the debt reduces your Income Tax liability.

The same logic applies to the corporations as well. The corpoartion wish to borrow as much as possible for funding their operations or new projects . But this can be done untill some optimal debt ratio is acheived. Beyond that point the additional agency costs, the bankrupcy risk etc increses you cost of capital required by the shareholders, hence the higher average weighted average cost of capital and hance the lower value of the firm.

According to a director at HVB, in financial distressed situation the operations of the company is to an extent is controlled by a credit agency as well. The negotiation is in best interest for both as creditors receive minimum returns from their claim on assets during divestitures.
More blogs about investment banking.

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